Nord of the South
- Feb 23, 2012
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Several outbreak investigation reports have shown that COVID-19 transmission can be particularly effective in crowded, confined indoor spaces such as workplaces including factories, churches, restaurants, ski resorts, shopping centres, worker dormitories, cruise ships and vehicles, or events occurring indoor such as, parties, and dance classes, . They indicated that transmission can be linked with specific activities, such as singing in a choir  or religious services that may be characterised by increased production of respiratory droplets through loud speech and singing.
In a study of 318 outbreaks in China, transmission in all cases except one occurred in indoor spaces . The only case of outdoor transmission identified in this study involved two persons. However, outdoor events have also been implicated in the spread of COVID-19, typically those associated with crowding such as carnival celebrations  and football matches  suggesting a risk of transmission linked to crowding even at outdoor events. However, exposure in crowded indoor spaces is also very common during such events.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of 172 observational studies both in healthcare settings and the community, that looked into the effect of distance from the source patient and the use of respiratory and eye protection in the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, concluded that physical distancing of at least one metre, use of face masks and eye protection were associated with a much lower risk of transmission . Distances of two metres provided an even larger protective effect and the use of respirators was found to be more protective than medical masks in this review.
Another successful tenderpreneur = Profit!!!!The Eastern Cape Health Department are scrambling to get to the bottom of a mystery surrounding dumped COVID-19 testing kits.www.thesouthafrican.com
COVID-19 test kits found dumped
A jogger reportedly came across the used COVID-19 test kits while out for their morning run.
The COVID-19 test kits had all the information about the tested patients, the hospitals they came from and appeared to be on their way to Port Elizabeth to be tested.
According to the jogger who was careful not to touch any of the kits, the tests were marked as urgent.
The jogger said that he saw hundreds of the test kits strewn down the side of the highway in black bags
I don't see any new facts no-one already knows?I posted this in the International thread, but it seems many here are blissfully unaware of the facts:
Viral shedding, virus and substances of human origin (SoHO), role of asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic individuals and transmission risks in different settingswww.ecdc.europa.eu
The contrast between what you see here, and what you'll see at the Maternity and Neonatology Building at Groote Schuur, is just night and day. Or even just compared to the services at Mowbray Maternity Hospital in Cape Town. People can get good healthcare in the Public Sector, but unfortunately that too often seems to be reserved for only the biggest cities in the wealthiest of the provinces.
Problem solved!maybe, and maybe we all need to start wearing plague masks to prevent the virus from spreading.
and maybe we all need to wear kitchen gloves everywhere to prevent us from picking up the virus from surfaces.
why not go full madness, and force everybody to wear motorbike crash helmets indoors so you cant touch your nose/mouth.
I see no end to this insanity really,
The Gift of the Givers guys have always done an incredible job. They should be given all governt funding allocated to fighting c19 and be made in charge of the whole lot.The University of KwaZulu-Natal says its turnaround time for Covid-19 testing has been drastically reduced thanks to the donation of advanced instrumentation donated by Gift of the Givers.www.news24.com
Uhm nope Johannesburg hospitals aren't much betterThe contrast between what you see here, and what you'll see at the Maternity and Neonatology Building at Groote Schuur, is just night and day. Or even just compared to the services at Mowbray Maternity Hospital in Cape Town. People can get good healthcare in the Public Sector, but unfortunately that too often seems to be reserved for only the biggest cities in the wealthiest of the provinces.