Nice to see Australia gets more and more to the helm of this bleeding edge research. Do a Google on cornea +stem cells +Australia. I remember, there was a time when your country (I assume you are South African), was involved in 'cutting edge' medicine too. Do a Google on 'first hard transplant'.
Australia punches way above its weight here:
Medical discoveries that have had a major impact on the way we live, life expectancy etc
Heart pacemaker -1926
Penicillin— 1941, Howard Florey.
Ultrasound scanner— 1961,
Cochlear implant— 1979, Graeme Clark
Flu antiviral (Relenza)- 1996
Skin polarprobe— 1998, detects cancerous sunspots.
Cervical cancer vaccine (Gardicil)—2006 Professor Ian Frazer
Nobel Laureates in Science:
1915—Sir William Lawrence Bragg and Sir William Henry Bragg, X-Ray Crystallography
1946—Lord Howard Walter Florey penicillin (see above).
1960—Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet - immunology, the basis for organ transplants.
1963—Sir John Carew Eccles -how nerves and the brain function.
1975—Sir John Warcup Cornforth structure of living matter.
1996—Professor Peter Doherty immunology.
2005—Professor Barry Marshall and Dr Robin Warren Helicobacter pylori bacterium - ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.
Add to that the Black Box flight recorder, Resilin, underwater camera, Atomic Absorption Spectrometer, Radio Telescope, Gene shears, nanotechnology, etc etc