WACS undersea cable launched in South Africa

techead

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local copper wires will never be replaced, not while Im alive anyway

you okes need to understand something, why bother with getting lines to sync at 10mb (which is a bloody mission) unless you got a quality copper mile to your exchange where you connection terminates. dont bother with that

rather focus on rolling out the msans to replace the cabinets on the street. You wont even see 10mb... you following what Im saying here??
 
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abandonallhope

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What DSLAMs? If the ZTE saga is cleared up the DSLAMs will be replaced....

Is that it ?

I dont care what the hold up is, the fact is there is a hold up, and were are still plodding along on the same connections and empty promises.
 

Arthur

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maybe government will decide to put import fees on international bandwidth as well just like they do with everything else
True words spoken in jest. Government in many countries incl SA will increase taxes on almost all things we consume. Just this past Wednesday I spoke to a very senior person advising the fiscus, and he privately intimated that tax revenues have collapsed because corporate profits have collapsed. Big VAT and other increases are on the cards, so I wouldn't be suprised to see a tax on data/bandwidth (though it might not be called that - there are innumerable ways of loading the system). We voters want a Development State, and all these programmes have to be paid for, so Caesar will find new ways to take from the Haves to redistribute to the Have-Nots.
 

abandonallhope

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local copper wires will never be replaced, not while Im alive anyway

you okes need to understand something, why bother with getting lines to sync at 10mb (which is a bloody mission) unless you got a quality copper mile to your exchange where you connection terminates. dont bother with that

rather focus on rolling out the msans to replace the cabinets on the street. You wont even see 10mb... you following what Im saying here??
Not really, "You wont even see 10mb" what exactly do you mean by that ?

And what do the cabinets on the street do at the moment ? A connection point for all the copper wires going out to all the premises ? The same goes for upgrading these cabinets as for the exchanges, effectively it is part of the backhaul.
 

grok

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you okes have no faith. there is a lot happening around you if you read the news, and see what lengths telkom are going to, to bolster their network on various layers.

just take a look :)

We are all positive about this cable, but unless Telkom can fix my 4mbps line currently only syncing at 2mbps they can plug the WACS cable directly into my exchange and it would have very little benefit to me.

So yeah, upbeat and all but I'm maybe just on one of those deteriorating Telkom layers that they haven't bolstered yet.
 

Easter Bunny

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Erm just a quick question. $650 million. Whats that in Rands?
R5.2 Billion?

Am I correct in saying that the E-toll system cost 3 times this?

sanral's next plan will be to put an e-tag on your packets and charge you 30c/km on those packets. that should solve their debt issues.
 

techead

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We are all positive about this cable, but unless Telkom can fix my 4mbps line currently only syncing at 2mbps they can plug the WACS cable directly into my exchange and it would have very little benefit to me.

So yeah, upbeat and all but I'm maybe just on one of those deteriorating Telkom layers that they haven't bolstered yet.

You need to understand why you can only sync at 2mb. Your copper is either total crap, or you like 5km from your termination at the exchange.

msans remove the distance from the exchange issue. there is nothing anyone can do if you live next door and your copper is total crap. that is really bad luck
 

techead

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Not really, "You wont even see 10mb" what exactly do you mean by that ?

And what do the cabinets on the street do at the moment ? A connection point for all the copper wires going out to all the premises ? The same goes for upgrading these cabinets as for the exchanges, effectively it is part of the backhaul.

10mb sync relies on copper syncing at your exchange. if that isnt the future then why bother in investing in that as a company? makes zero business sense

just be patient, and thats coming from me of all people :p
 

abandonallhope

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Really? So do you have a dial-p connection?

Look, you can divert this discussion all you want, but my point is that there is no "broadband abundance". My 4mbps ADSL line is going out of fashion fast, I don't enjoy waiting 5 hours for my game to update & patch and I don't enjoy waiting for a 720p youtube video to buffer up.

I also don't enjoy 3G cost per MB being that prohibitively high.
 

MickeyD

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Look, you can divert this discussion all you want, but my point is that there is no "broadband abundance". My 4mbps ADSL line is going out of fashion fast, I don't enjoy waiting 5 hours for my game to update & patch and I don't enjoy waiting for a 720p youtube video to buffer up.

I also don't enjoy 3G cost per MB being that prohibitively high.
The point is you also cannot say that the entire network is shot. I have a very stable 10Mb/s and a extremely stable 1Mb/s connection at home.

Is there a backhaul issue? Definitely.

Let's go deeper into it... where is neotel's fixed line network? Why have ALL the other network operators not deployed fixed lines, as their licence allows?
 

MickeyD

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Must also add regarding backhaul...

Once the cellular operators self provide backhaul to more and more of their own links, it should free up bandwidth on Telkom's network. In theory this should improve our broadband experience!
 

rpm

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The article creates the impression that only MTN and IS will benefit from WACS ....
Only IS and MTN have send through press statements ;)

Vodacom to be added to this thread now - a few hours late :)
 

rpm

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WACS helps Vodacom unlock the power of the Internet

Vodacom press statement:

Today marks the commercial launch of the ultra high-capacity 14 500km long West African Cable System (WACS). In addition to adding more than 40% to South Africa’s existing international broadband capacity, the launch also marks an important milestone in Vodacom’s ongoing drive to unlock the power of the Internet.

According to the Department of Communications, only around 2% of South Africans have access to fixed-line broadband, whereas 17% access broadband via smartphones. The link between Internet penetration and GDP growth is well-established, which is why economic growth and job creation hinge on seeing a step change in data connectivity.

The challenge from the fixed-line perspective is that less than 10% of the population has access to a telephone line. On the other hand, with virtually 100% of the population having mobile phone coverage, only a few more things need to fall in place to make that step change a reality.

Speaking about this, Vodacom’s Chief Technology Officer, Andries Delport said:

“It’s clear that mobile technology is the quickest and most practical route to spreading Internet access to all South Africans. With a high base of the population already covered, we only need to get two key things in place and SA can quite literally take a giant leap forward. The first part is obvious – cheaper smart devices that everyone can afford. The second part is to ensure that the mobile networks can support the data traffic.”

“WACS is an important piece in that network puzzle. Vodacom is investing billions of Rands rolling out new base stations and connecting those base stations into our network via fibre-optic cables. That’s fine when the data traffic is just buzzing around within SA, but can hit a bottleneck when it comes to getting data from international websites. WACS addresses this.”

The new cable adds over 400 Gigabits per second (Gbps) of international broadband capacity on launch, which is equal to the download of 4.8 million MP3 files or over 5 000 DVDs per minute. The cable can also be upgraded to provide more capacity when needed. WACS also gives operators like Vodacom additional network resiliency whereby traffic can be rerouted if another cable is severed.

The benefits, however, may not be immediately obvious.

“International connectivity is actually a pretty small part of the overall cost of delivering a megabyte of data via mobile, so this isn’t going to change the economics of our industry overnight. However, it is most definitely a step in the right direction in terms of ensuring that South Africa is fully connected to the rest of the world and an important part of Vodacom’s drive to unlock the power of the Internet in the country.”
 

Bern

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Erm just a quick question. $650 million. Whats that in Rands?
R5.2 Billion?

Am I correct in saying that the E-toll system cost 3 times this?

So for the same price as the tolling system (not including all the operational profit they will make in addition) you could have 3 5Tbps+ undersea cable systems. Wow, pretty intense when you think of it in those terms! So the infrastructure costs roughly $127 per Mbps.
 

rpm

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Telkom poised to reap benefits of WACS

Telkom press statement:

Today’s launch of the ultra-high capacity West African Cable System (WACS) linking Southern Africa and Europe is a significant addition to Telkom’s vast international submarine cable portfolio.

The introduction of WACS into Telkom’s undersea cable portfolio will complete the Company’s second ring of capacity around the African continent. The S3WS, EASSy and SMW3 cables already form a ring around Africa. With the introduction of WACS together with EASSy and EIG a high capacity ring between SA and Europe has now been formed.

Equipped with extensive undersea cable development and maintenance experience as well as the availability of the necessary facilities Telkom was given the responsibility of landing WACS in South Africa.

Since the landing of the cable in April 2011, a new Cable Landing Station has been established in Yzerfontein, north of Cape Town. The Cable Landing Station is owned, operated and maintained by Telkom however the costs of the facilities will be shared by the WACS Consortium parties using the station.

Telkom now operates submarine cable gateways at Mtunzini, Melkbosstrand and Yzerfontein providing South Africa with three international fibre gateways to minimise the risk of complete isolation in the event of a natural disaster or cable outage.

The commercial availability of WACS provides Telkom with significant capacity at each of the three cable gateways into and out of the country making it possible to offer more diverse, redundant, high capacity global service solutions.

“The demand for greater capacity and faster speeds is ever-present. The introduction of WACS will deliver connectivity to the continent like never before and Telkom is ready to deliver,” says Mr Casper Kondo Chihaka, Telkom’s Managing Executive of Wholesale Services.

Designed to support present and future Internet, e-commerce, data, video and voice services, the capacity of the entire system is 5.12 terabits per second (Tbps). The system makes use of dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technology, which enables the transport of multiple wavelengths over a single fibre pair, as well as multiplication of capacity.

The initial capacity of WACS is over 500 Gbps and is upgradable at any stage of the project life span. The robustness of the design will also enable the system to accommodate the latest developments in submarine fibre-optic technology.

“Capacity and speed is important and Telkom certainly has this, but depth of experience and the ability to innovate and utilise all the capabilities in the network to extract the value is crucial,” says Mr Chihaka.

Telkom with its more than 143,000km terrestrial fibre network comprising amongst others of a DWDM (dense wavelength division multiplexing) / ASTN (Automatically Switched Transport Network) is the only operator that can bring the capacity afforded by WACS closer to business, industry and consumer markets in South Africa.

“Not only do we have extensive national layers of fibre network but also regional, metro and access layers. Telkom has begun a network transformation program where one of the themes is to roll out 3,700 remote multi-service access nodes (MSANs) that will replace 2,700 older generation cabinets and add another 1,000 to their number and we also plan to replace the central office site that has digital subscriber line access multiplexer’s (DSLAMs) with multi-service access nodes (MSANs) over a five year period. South Africans desire more bandwidth, more content and higher speed and Telkom is hard at work to deliver the international content and applications transported on our high capacity submarine cable projects to our customers” he says.

MSANs can be used to offer higher speed ADSL (ADSL 2+), very-high-bit-rate digital subscriber line (VDSL), and fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) services. These new cabinets offer speeds of up to 1Gbps using fibre as the last mile, or up to 40Mbps using Telkom’s existing last-mile copper infrastructure, thus taking the huge capacity of WACS to the end user.

“This backed by world class and world best practice Network Operations Centre and our resources make us a preferred ICT services provider,” he concluded.

Additional Information

The core Telkom submarine cable portfolio comprises the following systems:

SAT3/WASC/SAFE (S3WS). The equipage on SAT3/WASC and SAFE comprise 340Gb/s and 440Gb/s respectively, the total capacity of the two cables are currently larger than any other cable landed in SA, including WACS. The S3WS cable system is currently undergoing tests to determine the number of 40Gb/s wavelengths that can be deployed on the cable. Telkom is the single largest owner of S3WS Capacity.
Eastern African Submarine Cable System (EASSY). The EASSy was physically landed on the South African waters in early February 2010 and commenced commercial operation on 31 August 2010. The EASSy cable’s first upgrade increased the system equipage by more than 600% or by 160Gb/s per fibre pair. The first upgrade was completed on 11 January 2012 taking the total equipped capacity to 380Gb/s. EASSy has a design capacity of 1.4Tb/s measured in 10Gb/s wave technology but could be three to four times as much if 40Gb/s wave technology ois used.
Europe India Gateway (EIG). EIG commenced partial service on 23 February 2011 whilst awaiting the Egypt crossing. One of two land based routes across Egypt was completed at the end of 2011 allowing the bulk of the EIG system to be taken into service on 14 January 2012. The cable system has a design capacity of 2.56Tb/s measured in 10Gb/s wave technology. The design capacity could be much higher if 40Gb/s or 100Gb/s wave technology is used.
Columbus 3. The Columbus 3 system is routed between Portugal and the USA, providing in conjunction with SAT3/WACS, the shortest latency route between South Africa and USA.
• South East Asia – Middle East – Western Europe SEA-ME-WE3 (SMW3). Telkom actively use the SMW3 cable as an alternative to EIG for extending EASSy capacity beyond East Africa to Europe.
 

The_Unbeliever

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The point is you also cannot say that the entire network is shot. I have a very stable 10Mb/s and a extremely stable 1Mb/s connection at home.

Is there a backhaul issue? Definitely.

Let's go deeper into it... where is neotel's fixed line network? Why have ALL the other network operators not deployed fixed lines, as their licence allows?

My suburb is +-30 years old, so telkom copper must be showing it.

Yet I have very stable 1Mb/s connection at home. I already have signed up for an uncapped account as 10Gb just will not be enough later on.

And a big boo @ NeeTel for being a no-show.
 
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