The European Union said it may deem certain 5G suppliers a security risk, noting that Chinese law requires domestic companies to collaborate with intelligence agencies.
“It is indeed possible that we reach the conclusion that in some cases, some products, services and suppliers are deemed unsafe,” EU Security Commissioner Julian King told reporters on Friday.
U.S. President Donald Trump has advocated for a global ban on China’s Huawei Technologies Co. on security grounds, alarming European telecom operators who rely on the company’s equipment to run networks. Excluding Huawei and ZTE Corp. from the next generation of mobile networks would burden European phone companies with 55 billion euros ($62 billion) in extra costs, and delay 5G roll out, the wireless industry’s main lobby group GSMA said last month.
“There’s a lot of debate about Huawei,” King said. “It’s not because we’re obsessing about China. We’re trying to develop a risk assessment across this market,” and major suppliers will feature in feature in the discussion.
While European governments are free to block a 5G supplier over security concerns, King said he hoped they’d rely on a risk assessment he’s putting together by Oct. 1, based on information from all EU members.
The EU is relatively powerless to force its member states to abide by its recommendations, but King said the report should help them “reach a view on whether particular products, services or suppliers are sufficiently safe” as states make decisions on high-speed 5G spectrum auctions and network deployment, he told a Brussels press conference.
King said the EU would not target Huawei “from the outset,” but added that the Chinese national intelligence law “puts certain quite broad requirements on organizations or citizens to support or cooperate or collaborate with national intelligence work.”
While outright bans on Huawei appear unlikely in Europe, the region it relies on most for growth outside China, countries such as Germany, France and Britain have signaled more limited restrictions and tighter oversight of their networks. Huawei’s European smartphone sales slumped last month, according to market research firm Kantar, after a U.S. component supply ban on the Chinese manufacturer threatened its access to crucial handset software.
“It is possible if you decide a particular service or supplier is presenting a risk that you find difficult to mitigate, that you can take a decision that reflects that, you take a decision to exclude the supplier from your market,” King said.