“Transport links should connect and integrate us. What e-tolls will do is keep us separate and apart… Nazir Alli is the PW Botha of today,” he told a rally against e-tolling in Johannesburg.
“We are here because we are angry and we are here because we must take a stand.”
Apartheid-era state president PW Botha was renowned for his authoritarian approach to governance.
Maimane said the African National Congress government had forced e-tolls on the country.
“Today we tell this ANC government to proudly take their e-tolls back,” he said.
On Monday, a Freedom Front Plus application to stop e-tolls on Gauteng highways was struck from the roll by the High Court in Pretoria, for lack of urgency.
The e-tolling of Gauteng highways came into effect on Tuesday.