President Cyril Ramaphosa recently announced stricter rules to fight the rapid spread of COVID-19 in South Africa.
The new rules include stricter measures to improve compliance with wearing cloth masks and banning the sale of alcohol.
He has also brought back a curfew, where every person is confined to their place of residence from 21:00 to 04:00 daily.
The new alert level 3 lockdown regulations have also relaxed some of the current restrictions around public transport and commercial activities.
Taxis and buses can now increase their capacity to 100% for short local trips, while the 70% occupancy restriction still holds for trips of over 200km.
All auctions will now be permitted subject to protocols similar to those that currently apply to agricultural auctions.
Parks will now be open for exercise and the requirement to wear a mask when doing “vigorous exercise” has been lifted.
Many level 3 lockdown restrictions remain in place. You still cannot visit family or friends, cigarette sales remain banned, and leisure travel is not allowed.
Alcohol ban explained
Minister of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma said the alcohol ban is needed to combat the accelerating spread of the virus.
She explained that the sale of alcohol resulted in people letting their guard down and through irresponsible actions spread the virus.
Dlamini-Zuma said when people get drunk, they do not continue to wear their masks or observe social distancing, resulting in a higher risk of the virus spreading.
“We have seen it in many instances. The way alcohol brings people together, it discourages people from wearing masks, social distancing, and sanitising,” Dlamini-Zuma said.
She added that alcohol use increases violent behaviour which in turn results in injuries and taking up hospital beds which should be used to treat COVID-19 patients.
“When people have taken liquor, they get drunk – some become violent, start fighting, killing each other, or even at home they become violent,” she said.
What is allowed, and what not
With the latest alert level 3 regulatory changes, it raises the question of what is now allowed and what is not.
The table below provides an overview of the current level 3 lockdown rules.
|Movement of people|
|When you can leave your house||Perform any service allowed under level 3.|
|Travel to and from work.|
|Buy goods or obtain services.|
|Exercise between 06:00 and 18:00.|
|Attend a place of worship.|
|Attend a school or learning institution.|
|Travel for leisure purposes allowed under level 3.|
|Movement of persons between provinces||Prohibited, except for:|
|Moving to a new place of residence.|
|Caring for a family member.|
|Attending a funeral.|
|Students travelling to schools or an institution of learning.|
|Obtaining medical treatment.|
|Returning to a place of resident.|
|Transportation of mortal remains.|
|Curfew on the movement of people||Curfew between 21:00 and 04:00.|
|Visiting family and friends|
|Visiting family or friends||Prohibited.|
|Wearing of a mask in a public place|
|Wear a cloth face mask when using public transport||Compulsory.|
|Wear a cloth face mask in a building||Compulsory.|
|Wear a cloth face mask in a public open space||Compulsory.|
|Wear a cloth face mask at school||Compulsory.|
|Wear a cloth face mask during vigorous exercise in a public place||Not needed.|
|Wholesale and retail trade|
|Wholesale and retail trade||Allowed.|
|Sale of other tobacco products||Prohibited.|
|Consumption of alcohol in restaurant||Prohibited.|
|Personal care services|
|Make-up and nails salons||Allowed.|
|Piercing and tattoo parlours||Allowed.|
|Bus and Taxi Services|
|Long distance inter-provincial travel||Allowed with up to 70% of the licensed capacity.|
|Local trips||Allowed with 100% of the licensed capacity.|
|Domestic air travel for business||Allowed.|
|Domestic air travel for leisure||Prohibited.|
|International air travel for business||Prohibited.|
|International air travel for leisure||Prohibited.|
|Airports which can operate||O.R. Tambo International.|
|Cape Town International.|
|King Shaka International.|
|Bram Fischer in Bloemfontein.|
|Kruger Mpumalanga Airport.|
|Port Elizabeth Airport.|
|Richard’s Bay Airport.|
|Passenger ships for leisure purposes.|
|Passenger ships for leisure purposes||Prohibited|
|Funerals||Allowed, but limited to 50 people.|
|Religious gatherings||Allowed, but limited to 50 people.|
|Conferences for business purposes||Allowed, but limited to 50 people.|
|Meetings for business purposes||Allowed, but limited to 50 people.|
|General public gatherings||Prohibited.|
|Sports events where people attend||Prohibited.|
|Public parks||Only allowed for exercising.|
|Bars, taverns, and shebeens||Prohibited.|
|Gyms and fitness centres||Prohibited.|
|Sports grounds and fields||Prohibited.|
|Fetes and bazaars||Prohibited.|
|Cinemas||Allowed, but limited to 50 people.|
|Theatres||Allowed, but limited to 50 people and 15 performers and crew.|
|Casinos||Allowed, but not more than 50% of the available floor space.|
|Jogging and walking||Allowed in groups of up to 4 people.|
|Cycling||Allowed in groups of up to 4 people.|
|Non-contact sports matches||Allowed, but no spectators allowed.|
|Contact sports||Allowed for training only.|
|Hotels, lodges, bed and breakfasts|
|Hotels||Allowed, for business purposes only (no leisure travel).|
|Lodges||Allowed, for business purposes only (no leisure travel).|
|Licensed B&B||Allowed, for business purposes only (no leisure travel).|
|Timeshare facilities||Allowed, for business purposes only (no leisure travel).|
|Resorts||Allowed, for business purposes only (no leisure travel).|
|Guest houses||Allowed, for business purposes only (no leisure travel).|
|Home sharing, like Airbnb||Prohibited.|
|Parks and tourist attractions|
|SANParks and game reserves||Allowed for self-drive excursions.|
|Tourist destinations||Allowed for self-drive excursions.|
|Evictions||Prohibited, unless a court grant an order for the eviction|