COVID-19 Recovery Consulting has released a COVID 19 Risk Index which provides details on the risks of everyday activities during the pandemic.
“As businesses begin to reopen and you resume your daily life after COVID-19 closures, use our Risk Index to determine the safety levels of your favourite activities,” the company said.
This risk index follows the publication of similar charts from the Arizona Department of Health Services and the Texas Medical Association (TMA).
The risk level of contracting COVID-19 from different activities vary based on four main factors:
- Enclosed space
- Duration of interaction
- Crowds – The density of people and social distancing
- Forceful exhalation – Sneezing, yelling, singing, and coughing
The most dangerous activities are indoor parties, night clubs and bars, contact sports, public transport, air travel, concerts, religious services, theatres, and watching sports matches.
Medium- to high-risk activities include exercising in a gym, going to a hairdresser or nail salon, working in an office, and visiting a restaurant.
Medium risk activities include visiting a hospital, going to the dentist, taking a metered taxi or Uber, visiting a museum, and outdoor restaurant dining.
Low- and low/medium-risk activities are staying at home, walking outdoors, picking up fast-food, running, cycling, picnics, tennis, golf, and shopping.
Reducing your risk of getting COVID-19
The World Health Organisation and the South African Department of Health have released the following guidelines to reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19:
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Maintain at least a 1-metre distance between yourself and others.
- Wear a mask which covers your nose and mouth.
- Avoid going to crowded places.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
People are also advised to follow good respiratory hygiene, which includes covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.
Even if you have minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, you should stay home and self-isolate until you recover.
Health Minister Dr Zweli Mkhize has recently announced the isolation period for patients confirmed to have contracted COVID-19 has been reduced from 14 days to 10 days.
He said the change is based on evidence that most patients with mild COVID-19 infections continue to share the virus from their upper airways for approximately seven to 12 days.
COVID-19 Risk Index
The table below provides an overview of the risk of contracting COVID-19 from various activities based on three main sources:
The table also shows whether these activities are currently allowed in South Africa under the latest alert level 3 lockdown regulations.
|COVID-19 Risk Index|
|Going for a walk, run or cycle alone||Low risk||Allowed|
|Staying at home||Low risk||Allowed|
|Outdoor picnic or porch dining||Low risk||Allowed|
|Picking up takeout food, coffee, or groceries from stores||Low risk||Allowed|
|Teleworking from your own home||Low risk||Allowed|
|Going camping with your household||Low risk||Not Allowed|
|Grocery shopping||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Playing tennis||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Playing golf||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Going for a walk, run, or bike ride with your household or other close contacts||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Sitting at a doctor’s waiting room||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Going to a library or museum||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Eating at a restaurant (outside)||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Walking in a busy street||Moderate-low risk||Allowed|
|Staying at a hotel||Moderate-low risk||Allowed for business only|
|Spending an hour at a playground||Moderate-low risk||Not Allowed|
|Shopping at a mall||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Outdoor restaurant dining||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Visiting hospital emergency department||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Medical office visit||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Dentist appointment||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Taking a taxi or a ride-sharing service||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Visiting a museum||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Working in an office building||Moderate risk||Allowed|
|Sending kids to school or day care||Moderate risk||Allowed for certain grades|
|Swimming in a public pool||Moderate risk||Not Allowed|
|Visiting an elderly person at their home||Moderate risk||Not Allowed|
|Having dinner at someone else’s house||Moderate risk||Not Allowed|
|Attending a braai||Moderate risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to the beach||Moderate risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to a hair salon||Moderate-high risk||Allowed|
|Going to a nail salon||Moderate-high risk||Allowed|
|Eating at a restaurant (inside)||Moderate-high risk||Allowed|
|Attending a funeral||Moderate-high risk||Allowed|
|Hugging or shaking hands when greeting||Moderate-high risk||Discouraged|
|Attending a wedding||Moderate-high risk||Not Allowed|
|Playing football or basketball||Moderate-high risk||Not Allowed|
|Exercising at a gym||Moderate-high risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to live theatre||High risk||Allowed|
|Going to a movie theatre||High risk||Allowed|
|Going to a casino||High risk||Allowed|
|Taking public transport||High risk||Allowed|
|Air travel||High risk||Allowed for business only|
|Eating at a buffet||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to an amusement park||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Attending a large music concert||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to a sports stadium||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Playing contact sport||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to religious gathering with 500+ people||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Indoor party||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to a night club||High risk||Not Allowed|
|Going to a bar||High risk||Not Allowed|