"Ten years ago [South Africa] exported agricultural products to the value of R2,40 for every R1 imported, compared with current levels of R1,40 of exports for every R1 imported."
The country could therefore not afford the non- or under-utilisation of arable land.
"Failed land-reform projects threaten food security ... A land-reform policy in which land is pro-actively acquired by the state and only transferred to black South Africans once potential beneficiaries have been identified could place even more arable land outside the sphere of the commercial agricultural sector."
The study says that, according to AgriSA, a total of 71 land-reform projects in Limpopo had already failed as a result of "inadequate support" for emerging farmers.
"It was also found in a survey of reform projects in the Western Cape that [they] were often unsuccessful because the skills of the beneficiaries had not been timeously upgraded."
Further, a University of Pretoria analysis of progress on farms transferred to black farmers had found, among other things, that on 44% of them production had decreased drastically, and on 24% there had been no production since transfer to the new owners.