Telkom Group Ltd. is a wireline and wireless telecommunications provider in South Africa, and operating in more than 38 countries throughout the African continent. Telkom is a semi-privatised, 39% state-owned company.
Telkom was managed by US-based SBC Communications (now AT&T) from 1997 to 2004. SBC has since sold its interest in the company, after reducing operational expenditure (reducing staff resources, etc.) and increasing revenue by increased product prices, thereby increasing the share-price for greater ROI.
The company is currently the market leader in the broadband space, with more than 500,000 customers on 384 kbit/s - 4 Mbyte/s DSL; it dominates the managed services market and has more than 250 corporate customers on its order book. Telkom SA operates 4.5M fixed access lines, bases on its 2008 annual report.
According to the World Factbook, it is the "best developed and most modern in Africa". It consists of local copper loops, microwave and fiber optic loops, and wireless connections.
The routing and billing system were almost completely digital by the mid 1980s, which made way for the currently used systems of ME, NG-SDH, ADSL, WiMAX d, ATM and others.
Telkom is currently the only provider of public switched communications services in South Africa, providing fixed-line voice, data, directory services and wireless data business services.
The Group has had operating revenue of R47.6 billion ($7.7 billion) profit for the year attributable to the equity holders of Telkom of R9.1 billion ($1.4 billion) and cash flow from operating activities of R9.5 billion ($1.5 billion) in the year ended March 31, 2006 and had total assets of R57.5 billion ($9.4 billion) and equity attributable to the equity holders of Telkom of R29.1 billion ($4.7 billion) as of March 31, 2006.
As of March 31, 2006, Telkom had approximately 4.7 million telephone access lines in service and 99.9% of telephone access lines were connected to digital exchanges. The Group offers business, residential and payphone customers a wide range of services and products, including:
fixed-line voice services, including subscriptions and connections services, local, long distance, fixed-to-mobile and international voice services, interconnection and hubbing communications services, international voice over internet protocol services, subscription based value-added voice services and customer premises equipment sales;
fixed-line data services, including domestic and international data transmission services, such as point-to-point leased lines, ADSL services and packet-based services, managed data networking services and internet access and related information technology services;
directory and wireless data services through our TDS Directory Operations (Pty) Limited and Swiftnet subsidiaries, respectively; and
mobile communications services, including voice services, data services and value-added services and handset sales through its 50% join venture, Vodacom.