Qualcomm is an American wireless telecommunications research and development company, as well as the largest fabless chip supplier in the world, based in San Diego, California.

Qualcomm was founded in 1985 by MIT Alumni and UC San Diego Professor Irwin Jacobs, MIT and USC Alumni Andrew Viterbi, Harvey White, Adelia Coffman, Andrew Cohen, Klein Gilhousen, and Franklin Antonio. Jacobs and Viterbi had previously founded Linkabit. Qualcomm's first products and services included the OmniTRACS satellite locating and messaging service, used by long-haul trucking companies, developed from a product called Omninet owned by Parviz Nazarian and Neil Kadisha, and specialized integrated circuits for digital radio communications such as a Viterbi decoder.

Source: Wikipedia